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The TR-85M1 Bizonul is a Tier 5 special premium Main Battle Tank under Zhang Feng's dealership.

History[ | ]

Class: Main Battle Tank
Developed: 1994-1997
Service: 1997+
Vehicles Built: 54-56
Operators: Romania

The Bizonul ("Bison") is the last member of a long line of Romanian tanks going back to the 1970s. During the Warsaw Pact era, Romania had been the odd one out, a major outlier in the communist bloc, going "its own way" towards socialism like Albania or former Yugoslavia. For its dictator, Nicolai Ceausescu, this became a major issue after the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia. Romania was one of the few Soviet bloc countries that didn't participate in it along with Albania and Yugoslavia. As a result, Romania started to develop its own (nearly completely locally produced) line of medium tanks roughly similar to the T-54/55 series. The goal was to become completely independent with modern arms production on the Warsaw Pact since Romania (much like former Yugoslavia) couldn't get their hands on the latest weapons due to its status of an "unreliable ally".

The first tank of these indigenous vehicles was the TR-77 prototype, designed in 1974. The designation stood for "Romanian Tank, 1977 model", followed by the production version designated TR-580 (the number stood for engine horsepower) even though the actual production started in 1979 with 405 built until 1985. Contrary to some sources, this tank was not a modified T-55, although it was clearly based on it. Its armament (100mm rifled gun based on a Romanian anti-tank gun) and engine (a local modified version of the V-2 engine) were both locally made. Everything on the tank was fairly rudimentary, roughly on par with a basic T-55.

In parallel with the abovementioned tank's development, Romanian engineers worked on a new engine based on the MTU designed used in the Leopard 1 tank (the plans for which were clandestinely obtained). The work was finished by 1985. Combining the TR-580 tank with this new engine produced a variant called TR-85. This variant was then put into production between 1986 and 1990 with roughly 400 vehicles built. By 1990, such production was something Romania could ill-afford and the rearming program collapsed after the fall of communism, leaving the military with hundreds of obsolete tanks the upgrade of which had to be attempted with a very tight budget. However, at the same time, Romania was looking to join the NATO an was in desperate need of some upgrades. The program to improve the TR-85 tank was launched in 1994 under the designation TR-85M1 Bizonul. The tank received new armor, new FCS and an upgraded engine. Between 1997 and 2009, 54-56 vehicles were upgraded to this standard and it remains the most modern Romanian MBT to this day.

Vehicle Traits[ | ]

  • Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.

Ammunition[ | ]

# Ammo
Name
Ammo
Type
XP Cost Damage Penetration Velocity Reload
Time
More
Info
1 100mm BM-412 Sg APFSDS APFSDS Stock 360 510[note 1] mm 1415 m/s 8 s
Toggle
  • Accuracy (Fully Aimed): 0.09 °
  • Magazine Type: Clip
  • Magazine Size: 2[note 2]
  • Reload within Magazine: 3.00 s
  • Damage Randomization: ± 5 %
  • Penetration Randomization: ± 5 %
  • Ricochet Angle: 67.0 °
2 100mm OF-412 HE HE Stock 540[note 3] 35 mm 900 m/s 8 s
Toggle
  • Accuracy (Fully Aimed): 0.09 °
  • Magazine Type: Clip
  • Magazine Size: 2[note 2]
  • Reload within Magazine: 3.00 s
  • Fire Chance Bonus: 100 %
  • Penetration Randomization: ± 10 %
  • Splash Radius: 1.00 m
  • Splash Penetration: 75 mm
3 100mm BK-412R HEAT HEAT Stock 460 610 mm 900 m/s 8 s
Toggle
  • Accuracy (Fully Aimed): 0.10 °
  • Magazine Type: Clip
  • Magazine Size: 2[note 2]
  • Reload within Magazine: 3.00 s
  • Fire Chance Bonus: 300 %
  • Damage Randomization: ± 10 %
  • Penetration Randomization: ± 10 %
  • Bonus Module Damage: 25 %
4 7.62mm AP AP Stock 8 18[note 4] mm 855 m/s 5.00 s
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  • Accuracy (Fully Aimed): 0.15 °
  • Magazine Type: Clip
  • Partial Reload: Yes
  • Magazine Size: 800
  • Burst Fire Rate: 400 rd/min
  • Damage Randomization: ± 10 %
  • Penetration Randomization: ± 10 %
  • Ricochet Angle: 67 °

Upgrades[ | ]

Armor[ | ]

TR-85M1 Bizonul Stock Armor
XP Cost Credit Cost Hull
Armor
Hull
Composition
Turret
Armor
Turret
Composition
ERA Name ERA
Penetration
Reduction
Stock Stock 550 mm (vs AP)
730 mm (vs HEAT)
Steel 955 mm (vs AP)
1310 mm (vs HEAT)
Steel Layers with Air Gaps N/A N/A vs AP
N/A vs HEAT
This MBT's front is protected by composite armor. Composite armor consists of combined layers of steel and other material and offers excellent protection against HEAT shells and ATGMs. Its steel sides and rear are considerably more vulnerable.

Weapon[ | ]

# Name XP Cost Credit Cost Aim Time Reload Time More Info
Weapon1 100mm Reșița A308 Rifled Cannon Stock Stock 1.40 s 8.00 s
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Stats:

  • Magazine Type: Clip
  • Magazine Size: 2[note 2]
  • Reload within Magazine: 3.00 s
  • Burst Fire Rate: 20.00 rd/min
  • Depression/Elevation: -9.0° / 18.0°
Ammo:
100mm BM-412 Sg APFSDS
100mm OF-412 HE
100mm BK-412R HEAT
7.62mm AP

Engine[ | ]

Name XP Cost Credit Cost Max Speed Reverse Speed Forward
Acceleration
Hull Traverse Fire Chance
INMT 8VSA-2T2M 900 hp Diesel Engine Stock Stock 60 km/h 30 km/h 4.76 s (0 to 32 km/h)
23.21 s (0 to Max Speed)
35.43° 15 %

Parts[ | ]

Name XP Cost Credit Cost Description Notes
Smokegrenades
3D6M Smoke Grenades
Stock Stock Comes with 8 charges
Takes 25s to recharge
Duration: 10s
Commandersight
Improved Commander Optics
Stock Stock Vision range is increased by 20m
Thermalsight
Improved Thermal Imager
Experience 10 Credits 10 Spotting through foliage is improved by 30%
Vision range is increased by 40m
[note 5]
Fpreloadspeed
Optimized Ammo Rack
Experience 10 Credits 10 Magazine capacity is increased by 1 [note 6]
Gunstabilizer
Upgraded Fire Control System Sensors
Stock Stock Reduces the accuracy penalties for firing and traversing the hull.
Gunstabilizer
Improved Gun Stabilizer
Stock Stock Overall accuracy while moving is improved by 20%
Gunnersight
Improved Gunner Optics
Stock Stock Accuracy is improved by 10%
Enhancedcooling
Improved Cooling System
Stock Stock Camouflage factor increased by 2%
Enemy Thermal Sights effectiveness reduced by 30%
Transmission
Improved Final Drive
Experience 10 Credits 10 Maximum speed: +15 km/h
Hull traverse rate: +10%
[note 7]
Treads01
Stock Tracks
Stock Stock Mobility (Light Terrain): 89.9%
Mobility (Heavy Terrain): 75.8%
Treads02
Rubber-Coated Tracks
Experience 10 Credits 10 Camo penalty from motion is reduced by 50% [note 8]

Footnotes[]

  1. 510 mm at 250m;
    383 mm at 500m
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 3 if Optimized Ammo Rack upgrade is purchased.
  3. 152 for Partial Penetration
    38 for Non-Penetrating Hits
  4. 18 mm at 100m;
    9 mm at 1000m
  5. Requires player to complete 30 Battle Path main missions, repeatable Battle Coin missions, or challenges to unlock.
  6. Requires player to complete 100 Battle Path main missions, repeatable Battle Coin missions, or challenges to unlock.
  7. Requires player to complete 60 Battle Path main missions, repeatable Battle Coin missions, or challenges to unlock.
  8. Requires player to complete 10 Battle Path main missions, repeatable Battle Coin missions, or challenges to unlock.
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