Class: Main Battle Tank
Vehicles Built: cca 600
Operators: Russia, India, Algeria, Azerbaijan
The T-90A Main Battle Tank (named "Vladimir" in honor of its deceased designer, V.V.Potkin) is an upgraded variant of the original T-90, which itself is a heavily overhauled T-72. Development of the T-90A started under the designation of Object 188A1 in the very late 1990s and early 2000s with the first vehicles produced in 2004. The goal, as usual, was to bring the older vehicle up to date to keep up with modern armor trends, while keeping the upgrade within Russian military budget constrictions. In this sense, the T-90A is a reactive measure, unlike the T-80U for example.
The main visual difference between the T-90 and the T-90A MBT is the presence of a new, welded turret, offering, in combination with the excellent Kontakt-5 ERA kit, increased protection against all types of ammunition. Frontal resistance against HEAT rounds is estimated at 1000mm+ RHAe, although the actual composition is a secret. The vehicle is also equipped with a Shtora-1M soft-kill APS and Tucha smoke grenade launchers. The main weapon system is the 125mm 2A46M-5 smoothbore gun paired with an improved automatic loading mechanism and the 9K119M Refleks-M system, allowing it to fire Invar guided missiles. The original 840hp V-84MS diesel engine was replaced with an advanced turbocharged version of the same engine, the V-92S2 producing 1000hp.
There are two main patterns, both built by Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil: the 2004 pattern with Buran-M thermal imager (32 built between 2004 and 2006) and the 2006 pattern with French Catherine FC thermal imager (337 built between 2006 and 2011). Neither of these thermal imagers is actually Russian and the inability to produce high-end components such as thermal imager matrices has long been a thorn in Russian's side. These production numbers do not include the export variant called T-90SA (approximately 200 built).
The T-90A itself currently remains in Russian service only. Some sources claim the T-90A took part in the 2016 fighting in Syria as part of the Russian contingent or that it was simply transferred to Syrian forces. One such T-90 was hit there by a TOW-2A missile. Thanks to its ERA, it survived relatively unscathed with only minor injury suffered by one of the crewmembers. One T-90A transferred to the Syrians was, however, lost and subsequently captured by the Harakat Nour al-Din al-Zenki terrorist group during the fighting in Aleppo in June 2016. Regardless of the circumstances, the T-90 has proven itself to be a tough nut to crack.
- Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.
- Heavy Weapon: This vehicle carries one of the largest weapons around with significantly increased damage per shot.
|125mm 3VBM20 APFSDS||APFSDS||Stock||595||700[note 2] mm||1700 m/s||7.80 s|
|125mm 3VBM22 APFSDS||APFSDS||76,320||630||750[note 3] mm||1750 m/s||7.80 s|
|125mm 3VOF36/3V21 HE||HE||Stock||995[note 4]||50 mm||850 m/s||7.80 s|
|125mm 3VBK25 HEAT-FS||HEAT||99,740||788||890 mm||915 m/s||7.80 s|
|3UBK20 "Invar" ATGM-TH||ATGM||108,410||750[note 5]||1000 mm||350 m/s||7.80 s|
|7.62mm AP||AP||Stock||8||15[note 6] mm||855 m/s||5.00 s|
|XP Cost||Credit Cost||Hull
|Stock||Stock||630 mm (vs AP)
895 mm (vs HEAT)
|Composite||900 mm (vs AP)
1215 mm (vs HEAT)
|Composite||Kontakt-5 ERA (Gen 2)||25% (vs AP)|
80% (vs HEAT)
|This MBT's front is protected by composite armor. Composite armor consists of combined layers of steel and other material and offers excellent protection against HEAT shells and ATGMs. Its steel sides and rear are considerably more vulnerable. The second generation ERA kit offers excellent protection against standard HEAT rounds or warheads, and marginal protection against kinetic rounds.|
|Name||XP Cost||Credit Cost||Aim Time||Reload Time||More Info|
|125mm 2A46M-5 Smoothbore Cannon||Stock||Stock||1.70 s||7.80 s|
125mm 3VBM20 APFSDS
125mm 3VBM22 APFSDS
125mm 3VOF36/3V21 HE
125mm 3VBK25 HEAT-FS
3UBK20 "Invar" ATGM-TH