|This article is about the Tier 7 progression MBT. For other uses of T-90, see T-90 (disambiguation).|
Class: Main Battle Tank
Vehicles Built: cca 1300-1800 (sources vary, includes license production)
Operators: Soviet Union, Russia, India, Iraq, Vietnam, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Algeria, Turkmenistan and Uganda (allegedly)
The T-90 MBT started out as a heavily modified variant of the T-72B. The primary goal of the entire program was to improve the T-72B to T-80U/UD level. It was developed in 1988 in Nizhny Tagil by the Uralvagonzavod design bureau, led by V.V.Potkin, under the designation of Object 188. In early 1989 the vehicle successfully passed state trials, proving to be very reliable, and on March 27, 1991 the Soviet Ministry of Defense recommended that it should become the next main battle tank of the Soviet army. This decision proved fruitless, however, as the results of Operation Desert Storm once again raised the question as to whether the T-72 should actually be modernized. Another delay was caused by the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Influenced by the Desert Storm experience, Uralvagonzavod decided to improve the protection of the vehicle even further by adding the new TShU-1 Shtora soft-kill APS to the design. Additional trials were held and this improved Object 188 was accepted into service on October 5, 1992 under the designation T-90. It was the last design to feature the round cast turret, so typical for Soviet MBTs.
The original T-90 was mass-produced between 1992 and 1998. The entire production run history is somewhat unclear as at one point production apparently ceased due to Russian military budget cuts. Nevertheless, by 2012, the Russian army had roughly 500 T-90 and T-90A in its inventory and the rest were sold off with multiple countries or license-produced elsewhere, most notably in India.
- Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.
- Heavy Weapon: This vehicle carries one of the largest weapons around with significantly increased damage per shot.
|125mm 3VBM13 APFSDS||APFSDS||Stock||570||620[note 1] mm||1700 m/s||7.70 s|
|125mm 3VBM19 APFSDS||APFSDS||49,255||595||700[note 2] mm||1750 m/s||7.70 s|
|125mm 3VOF22 HE||HE||Stock||890[note 3]||45 mm||850 m/s||7.70 s|
|125mm 3VBK16M HEAT-FS||HEAT||42,975||745||770 mm||905 m/s||7.70 s|
|3UBK14 "Refleks" ATGM-TH||ATGM||61,570||700[note 4]||900 mm||300 m/s||7.70 s|
|7.62mm AP||AP||Stock||8||15[note 5] mm||855 m/s||5.00 s|
|XP Cost||Credit Cost||Hull
|Stock||Stock||595 mm (vs AP)
840 mm (vs HEAT)
|Composite||865 mm (vs AP)
1250 mm (vs HEAT)
|Composite||Kontakt-5 ERA (Gen 2)||25% (vs AP)|
80% (vs HEAT)
|This MBT's front is protected by composite armor. Composite armor consists of combined layers of steel and other material and offers excellent protection against HEAT shells and ATGMs. Its steel sides and rear are considerably more vulnerable. The second generation ERA kit offers excellent protection against standard HEAT rounds or warheads, and marginal protection against kinetic rounds.|
|Name||XP Cost||Credit Cost||Aim Time||Reload Time||More Info|
|125mm 2A46M Smoothbore Cannon||Stock||Stock||1.70 s||7.70 s|
125mm 3VBM13 APFSDS
125mm 3VBM19 APFSDS
125mm 3VOF22 HE
125mm 3VBK16M HEAT-FS
3UBK14 "Refleks" ATGM-TH
- 620 mm at 150m;
465 mm at 500m
- 700 mm at 150m;
525 mm at 500m
- 250 for Partial Penetration;
63 for Non-Penetrating Hits
- 140 for Non-Penetrating Hits
- 18 mm at 100m;
9 mm at 1000m