Class: Medium Tank
Vehicles Built: cca 2000-2500
Operators: Soviet Union, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
The T-64A Medium Tank is a modernization of the older T-64, which was, at the point of its introduction, the most advanced tank in the world, sacrificing crew comfort for its thick, composite frontal armor and low silhouette. However, it was also unreliable, difficult to maintain and very, very expensive, which was not a good thing for the Soviet Union that was chronically short of funding. A.A.Morozov was the lead designer of the vehicle and vision for the vehicle was to build simply the best tank, period – and his team did that, but, in the process, they left very little space for additional improvement.
This trait was often criticized but its introduction into service was considered necessary to counter the western 105mm rifled gun-armed tanks. These would be the Pattons and the Chieftains, which the Soviets happened to seriously overestimate. In order to fight this perceived threat, they developed a larger 125mm smoothbore gun to replace the older 115mm the T-64 had carried. This would be the D-81 cannon, beginning a series of guns that lasts to this day. The T-64 was modified to carry this new gun, resulting in a prototype called Object 434. In 1967, a limited production run was approved and the vehicle and, finally, it entered production in 1968 under the name of T-64A. This initial variant became known as Model 1969.
The tank first appeared in public around 1970 but was virtually unknown in the west as it was often mistaken for a far more common T-72 modification due to their generally similar appearance. This misconception was quite common as late as the early 2000s. The T-64A was never exported and was rarely used – it seems that only a few vehicles were deployed to Afghanistan. Even though a relatively large number of these vehicles were deployed in East Germany as well as in other countries of the Warsaw Pact, it hasn’t really fired a shot in anger during the Soviet era. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, many T-64s were left in Ukraine and form the mainstay of the Ukrainian armored forces to this day, even though many of them were modernized.
- Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.
- Heavy Weapon: This vehicle carries one of the largest weapons around with significantly increased damage per shot.
- Smoke Generators: This vehicle generates smoke all around it and lays down smoke cover by driving forward.
|125mm 3VBM6 APFSDS||APFSDS||Stock||540||515[note 1] mm||1750 m/s||9.00 s|
|125mm 3VBM7 APFSDS||APFSDS||8,070||570||545[note 2] mm||1750 m/s||9.00 s|
|125mm 3VOF22 HE||HE||Stock||855[note 3]||45 mm||850 m/s||9.00 s|
|125mm 3VBK7 HEAT||HEAT||7,040||740||650 mm||905 m/s||9.00 s|
|7.62mm AP||AP||Stock||8||18[note 4] mm||855 m/s||5.00 s|
|XP Cost||Credit Cost||Hull
|Stock||Stock||445 mm (vs AP)
625 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel||755 mm (vs AP)
1055 mm (vs HEAT)
|Composite||N/A||N/A vs AP|
N/A vs HEAT
|This MBT's front is protected by composite armor. Composite armor consists of combined layers of steel and other material and offers excellent protection against HEAT shells and ATGMs. Its steel sides and rear are considerably more vulnerable.|
|Name||XP Cost||Credit Cost||Aim Time||Reload Time||More Info|
|125mm 2A26 Smoothbore Cannon||Stock||Stock||1.70 s||9.00 s|
125mm 3VBM6 APFSDS
125mm 3VBM7 APFSDS
125mm 3VOF22 HE
125mm 3VBK7 HEAT
- 515 mm at 150m;
387 mm at 500m
- 545 mm at 150m;
409 mm at 500m
- 240 for Partial Penetration;
60 for Non-Penetrating Hits
- 18 mm at 100m;
9 mm at 1000m