Class: Main Battle Tank
Vehicles Built: 36
Operators: United Arab Emirates
The OF-40 Main Battle Tank is the first Italian-designed heavy armored fighting vehicle since the Second World War. Its development program started as early as 1976, when OTO Melara and Fiat decided to build a new tank in the 40 ton category (the later OF-40 designation stands for OTO Fiat, 40 tons). OTO Melara wasn’t developing the vehicle from scratch – in the 1970s, the company license-produced 720 Leopard 1A1 tanks for the Italian military and its experience with the Patton tank series was incorporated into the design as well. The initial version of the tank, sometimes known as the “Lion” or “Leopardino”, was – contrary to popular belief – actually not intended for export, but to replace the aging upgraded M47 and later on the Leopards in Italian service. After that plan failed due to a lack of interest in Italy, OTO Melara and Fiat re-oriented themselves to produce an export vehicle instead but in the end the only country interested in it was the United Arab Emirates and only 18 were ordered (with 2 OF-40 based ARVs, although some sources claim 3), which were delivered in 1981.
In 1983, an upgraded version called OF-40 Mk.2 was developed, featuring the new Officine Galileo OG 14 LR fire control system with a laser rangefinder and a new stabilized periscope with night-vision for the commander. According to some sources, the 18 UAE OF-40 Mk.1s were upgraded to the Mk.2 version and 18 more Mk.2s were ordered and delivered. Both versions were since retired from service. Even though the OF-40 MBT itself was not successful, its hull was used for several other variants, most notably the Palmaria SPG.
- Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.
- HESH Rounds: This vehicle can fire special Squash Head rounds. These are extremely effective against angled armor that is typical for Soviet tanks.
|105mm M728 APDS||APDS||Stock||320||480[note 1] mm||1426 m/s||5.00 s|
|105mm M735 APFSDS||APFSDS||5,510||350||510[note 2] mm||1501 m/s||5.00 s|
|105mm M292A1 HEP||HEP||4,960||280||380 mm||778 m/s||5.00 s|
|105mm M456E1 HEAT||HEAT||4,810||455||610 mm||1173 m/s||5.00 s|
|7.62mm AP||AP||Stock||8||18[note 3] mm||855 m/s||5.00 s|
|XP Cost||Credit Cost||Hull
|Stock||Stock||410 mm (vs AP)
520 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel||815 mm (vs AP)
1625 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel Layers with Air Gaps||N/A||N/A vs AP|
N/A vs HEAT
|This MBT features basic sheet armor without any advanced components, making it vulnerable to HEAT shells and ATGMs.|
|Name||XP Cost||Credit Cost||Aim Time||Reload Time||More Info|
|105mm OTO Melara L/52 Rifled Cannon||Stock||Stock||1.50 s||5.00 s|
105mm M728 APDS
105mm M735 APFSDS
105mm M292A1 HEP
105mm M456E1 HEAT
- 480 mm at 150m;
360 mm at 500m
- 510 mm at 150m;
383 mm at 500m
- 18 mm at 100m;
9 mm at 1000m