|This article is about the Tier 3 progression MBT. For other uses of M60, see M60 (disambiguation).|
Class: Main Battle Tank
Service: 1959-1960s (2014 in Israel)
Vehicles Built: 2205
Operators: USA, Israel
The Patton series of universal tanks is as important to the United States military as the T-54/55 series was to the Soviets and formed the backbone of the American armored forces from the late 1940s practically until the 1990s. Having evolved from the M26 Pershing Medium Tank, the Patton family was named after George S. Patton, one of the most famous U.S. generals to have ever lived. Right until their final versions, the Patton series tanks were protected only by their steel armor and used 90mm and 105mm rifled guns.
The M60 series development began with the need to upgrade the M48 tank series in two areas, increasing the firepower and the operational range of the vehicle. One idea to do the latter was to replace the older, fuel-thirsty AV-1790 series gasoline engine with a diesel. The first supercharged AVDS-1790 diesel prototype was tested successfully in 1957 with fuel economy improving by a whopping 60 percent. On the firepower side, it was decided to go with the T254E2 105mm rifled gun (hat came from the earlier the T95 program, giving it the official M68 designation (contrary to popular belief, the M68 is not a version of the Royal Ordnance L7 gun). In March 1959, the vehicle received its standard military designation: 105mm Gun Full Tracked Combat Tank M60.
Four prototypes were built between July and October 1959 and submitted to series of tests, which were passed successfully. After that, it was considered fit for troop use, although the first 15 tanks (as well as the prototypes) did not have sufficient ballistic protection and were set aside for training only. The first 360 M60 tanks were built in the Chrysler plant in Delaware. After that, production was moved to Detroit Tank Arsenal, where it continued until October 1962. The total number of the initial M60 model produced was 2205 vehicles. After October 1962, production was switched to a more advanced model - the M60A1. The early M60s were only used by the U.S. Army. They were deployed in Europe from December 1960.
Between 1971 and 1973, Israel obtained a number of M60 and M60A1 Main Battle Tanks from the USA and used them under the name of Magach. The M60 MBT was designated Magach 6 was and was later upgraded to Magach 7, which would serve until 2014. By that time, however, few original components remained of the venerable M60.
- Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.
- HESH Rounds: This vehicle can fire special Squash Head rounds. These are extremely effective against angled armor that is typical for Soviet tanks.
|105mm M392A2 APDS||APDS||Stock||290||430[note 1] mm||1426 m/s||5.80 s|
|105mm M728 APDS||APDS||1,940||320||480[note 2] mm||1426 m/s||5.80 s|
|105mm M393 HEP||HEP||1,325||260||360 mm||732 m/s||5.80 s|
|105mm T298E1 HEAT||HEAT||1,695||410||570 mm||1173 m/s||5.80 s|
|7.62mm AP||AP||Stock||8||18[note 3] mm||855 m/s||5.00 s|
|XP Cost||Credit Cost||Hull
|Stock||Stock||390 mm (vs AP)
520 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel||755 mm (vs AP)
1115 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel Layers with Air Gaps||N/A||N/A vs AP|
N/A vs HEAT
|This tank features basic sheet armor without any advanced components, making it vulnerable to HEAT shells and ATGMs.|
|Name||XP Cost||Credit Cost||Aim Time||Reload Time||More Info|
|105mm M68 Rifled Cannon||Stock||Stock||1.50 s||5.80 s|
105mm M392A2 APDS
105mm M728 APDS
105mm M393 HEP
105mm T298E1 HEAT
- 430 mm at 150m;
323 mm at 500m
- 480 mm at 150m;
360 mm at 500m
- 18 mm at 100m;
9 mm at 1000m