Class: Main Battle Tank
Service: 1979-2005 (USA, ongoing elsewhere)
Vehicles Built: 5400
Operators: USA, Israel, Austria, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Morocco, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Turkey and several others
The Patton series of universal tanks is as important to the United States military as the T-54/55 series was to the Soviets and formed the backbone of the American armored forces from the late 1940s practically until the 1990s. Having evolved from the M26 Pershing Medium Tank, the Patton family was named after George S. Patton, one of the most famous U.S. generals to have ever lived. Right until their final versions, the Patton series tanks were protected only by their steel armor and used 90mm and 105mm rifled guns.
The M60A3 was the last major production variant of the M60 series and also a virtue of necessity of sorts since the U.S. Army was unable to develop and adopt a replacement for the Patton series since the 1960s. The M60A1 therefore kept being upgraded, including a new stabilizer (M60A1 (AOS), 1971), improved, more reliable and less maintenance-heavy diesel engine (M60A1 RISE, 1975) and the integration of a new Fire Control System with a laser rangefinder and several smaller upgrades. With these upgrades, the M60A1 model was redesignated to M60A3 and was produced between 1979 and 1987 with 5400 vehicles built (1700 from scratch, the rest converted from older M60 models).
The M60A3 MBT did well in Iraq and M60A1 and M60A3 105mm APFSDS rounds managed to knock out a large number of enemy tanks, including some T-72s. It was an M60A3 that first entered Kuwait City, not an Abrams. Desert Storm, however, was the swan song of the Pattons. The end of the Cold War meant that a large fleet of tanks ready to defeat the Soviets in Europe was no longer needed. Many were sold or even given away to other countries and what was left was replaced by the Abrams. The M60A3 was also widely exported, especially after 1991, with thousands still being in use by various nations.
- Armored: This vehicle's armor can withstand a lot of punishment, allowing it to survive even serious firefights.
- HESH Rounds: This vehicle can fire special Squash Head rounds. These are extremely effective against angled armor that is typical for Soviet tanks.
|105mm M735 APFSDS||APFSDS||Stock||350||510[note 1] mm||1501 m/s||5.80 s|
|105mm M735A1 APFSDS||APFSDS||11,665||420||560[note 2] mm||1501 m/s||5.80 s|
|105mm M393A1 HEP||HEP||9,050||370||380 mm||760 m/s||5.80 s|
|105mm M456A1 HEAT||HEAT||9,250||540||670 mm||1173 m/s||5.80 s|
|7.62mm AP||AP||Stock||8||18[note 3] mm||855 m/s||5.00 s|
|XP Cost||Credit Cost||Hull
|Stock||Stock||455 mm (vs AP)
605 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel||835 mm (vs AP)
1285 mm (vs HEAT)
|Steel Layers with Air Gaps||N/A||N/A vs AP|
N/A vs HEAT
|This tank features basic sheet armor without any advanced components, making it vulnerable to HEAT shells and ATGMs.|
|Name||XP Cost||Credit Cost||Aim Time||Reload Time||More Info|
|105mm M68 Rifled Cannon||Stock||Stock||1.50 s||5.80 s|
105mm M735 APDS
105mm M735A1 APDS
105mm M393A1 HEP
105mm M456A1 HEAT
- 510 mm at 150m;
383 mm at 500m
- 560 mm at 150m;
420 mm at 500m
- 18 mm at 100m;
9 mm at 1000m